TOEFL IBT READING PASSAGES PDF

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TOEFL iBT Quick Prep can help you prepare for the TOEFL iBT test. All the questions in in the PDF version of Quick Prep Volume 4 (click the headphones icon). • on the Quick Reading Practice Set 1: Passage and Questions. Directions. The TOEFL iBT Reading test assesses examinees' reading comprehension review the sample TOEFL iBT® Reading passages available through these links: . TOEFL iBT. ®. Test Questions. Reading Section. Directions: The Reading section measures your ability to understand academic passages written in English.


Toefl Ibt Reading Passages Pdf

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There are answer keys at the end of the PDF. It's The reading section is designed to test how will you interpret and understand academic texts. You will In an official TOEFL exam, you'll be given 20 minutes to complete each passage and. It includes a complete TOEFL reading passage with questions and answers. BestMyTest TOEFL reading Practice TestView & Download PDF File. Next up is a . TOEFL Reading Practice. If you're like most students, then you want to practice in a way that looks exactly like the test. You want to read a word passage.

The climate did not change dramatically from season to season. Which of the following reasons is suggested in paragraph 2 for the extinction of the dinosaurs? Changes in the lengths of the days and nights during the Late Cretaceous period Droughts caused by the movement of seaways back into the ocean The change from mild to severe climates during the Late Cretaceous period An extreme decrease in the average yearly temperature over 10, years.

Quesiton 1 and Question 2 are detail questions. Off and on throughout the Cretaceous the last period of the Mesozoic era, during which dinosaurs flourished , large shallow seas covered extensive areas of the continents. The days were not too hot, nor the nights too cold. The summers were not too warm, nor the winters too frigid. The shallow seas on the continents probably buffered the temperature of the nearby air, keeping it relatively constant.

No one knows why. Over a period of about , years, while the seas pulled back, climates around the world became dramatically more extreme: Perhaps dinosaurs could not tolerate these extreme temperature changes and became extinct. To argue that dinosaurs may have become extinct because they were not cold-blooded animals To question the adequacy of the hypothesis that climatic change related to sea levels caused the extinction of the dinosaurs To present examples of animals that could maintain a livable body temperature more easily than dinosaurs To support a hypothesis that these animals were not as sensitive to climate changes in the Cretaceous period as they are today.

Purpose questions require you to understand why the author has included pieces of information. The answer is not directly stated in the reading passage.

To solve this type of question, you need to understand the main point of the paragraph and how the referenced information is related to the main point of the paragraph. You will see the question phrased something like the following: Why does the author mention XXX in paragraph 2? Here is an example. These animals are at the mercy of the climate to maintain a livable body temperature.

Critics also point out that the shallow seaways had retreated from and advanced on the continents numerous times during the Mesozoic, so why did the dinosaurs survive the climatic changes associated with the earlier fluctuations but not with this one?

Although initially appealing, the hypothesis of a simple climatic change related to sea levels is insufficient to explain all the data. Question 4 and 5 are vocabulary questions. In a "Vocabulary question", you are asked what a word or phrase is closest in meaning to and are given 4 answer options.

You need to be able to understand the meaning of the word as it is used in the passage. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in paragraph 4? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information. The fossil record suggests that there was an abrupt extinction of many plants and animals at the end of the Mesozoic era. Few fossils of the Mesozoic era have survived in the rocks that mark the end of the Cretaceous.

Fossils from the Cretaceous period of the Mesozoic up to the beginning of the Cenozoic era have been removed from the layers of rock that surrounded them.

Plants and animals from the Mesozoic era were unable to survive in the Cenozoic era. The question will ask you to choose which of the 4 answer option sentences is equal to the highlighted sentence. The correct sentence will be paragraphed so it is different than the highlighted one, but still convey all the important information. Incorrect sentences will represent a detail or concept inaccurately, leave out an important detail, change the original meaning of the sentence.

Many plants and animals disappear abruptly from the fossil record as one moves from layers of rock documenting the end of the Cretaceous up into rocks representing the beginning of the Cenozoic the era after the Mesozoic. Between the last layer of Cretaceous rock and the first layer of Cenozoic rock, there is often a thin layer of clay.

Scientists felt that they could get an idea of how long the extinctions took by determining how long it took to deposit this one centimeter of clay and they thought they could determine the time it took to deposit the clay by determining the amount of the element iridium Ir it contained. Negative Factual Information Question. Why is there a layer of clay between the rocks of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic? Why were scientists interested in determining how long it took to deposit the layer of clay at the end of the Cretaceous?

What was the effect of the surprising observation scientists made? Why did scientists want more information about the dinosaur extinction at the end of the Cretaceous? The question can appear like the following: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true of X?.

The Best TOEFL Reading Practice

In an "Inference" question, you will see the question phrased something like the following: In paragraph 5, what does the author imply about ….?

In this type of question, the answer is not directly stated in the reading passage. It requires you to draw conclusions based on information that is given in the passage. You need to find out the correct conclusion from the choices.

Even today, microscopic meteorites continually bombard Earth, falling on both land and sea. By measuring how many of these meteorites fall to Earth over a given period of time, scientists can estimate how long it might have taken to deposit the observed amount of Ir in the boundary clay. A These calculations suggest that a period of about one million years would have been required.

B However, other reliable evidence suggests that the deposition of the boundary clay could not have taken one million years.

C So the unusually high concentration of Ir seems to require a special explanation. In paragraph 5 of the passage, there is a missing sentence. The paragraph is repeated below and shows four letters A, B, C, and D that indicate where the following sentence could be added. Consequently, the idea that the Ir in the boundary clay came from microscopic meteorites cannot be accepted.

Where would the sentence best fit? In a "Sentence Insertion" question, you will be asked to decide where a new sentence best fits into the reading passage. This question type tests your understanding of the logic in the passage. It also tests your ability to understand the grammatical connections from one sentence to another. An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage.

Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points. Drag your answer choices to the spaces where they belong.

To remove an answer choice, drag it back. For a long time scientists have argued that the extinction of the dinosaurs was related to climate change. You need to drag and drop 3 answers that represent major ideas or contain important information from the passage.

You need to drag and drop them from the bottom area of your computer screen into a blank area above with 3 positions marked off. The 3 correct options will NOT have the exact wording of any sentence in the passage. The other 3 will have errors in detail, or state an unimportant concept. This question always has a value of 2 points.

You will get 1 point if you get 2 out of 3 correct. D [6] In view of these facts, scientists hypothesized that a single large asteroid, about 10 to 15 kilometers across, collided with Earth, and the resulting fallout created the boundary clay. Their calculations show that the impact kicked up a dust cloud that cut off sunlight for several months, inhibiting photosynthesis in plants; decreased surface temperatures on continents to below freezing; caused extreme episodes of acid rain; and significantly raised long-term global temperatures through the greenhouse effect.

This disruption of food chain and climate would have eradicated the dinosaurs and other organisms in less than fifty years. The word 'those' in paragraph 1 refers to: In a "Reference" question, you are asked what the highlighted word refers to.

If it's a pronoun then you need to identify what word the pronoun is replacing. Natural selection contributes to the basis of Darwin's Theory of Evolution. One of the core tenets of Darwin's theory is that more offspring are always produced for a species than can possibly survive.

Yet, no two offspring are perfectly alike.

As a result, through random mutation and genetic drift, over time offspring develop new traits and characteristics. Over time beneficial traits and characteristics that promote survival will be kept in the gene pool while those that harm survival will be selected against. Therefore, this natural selection ensures that a species gradually improves itself over an extended duration of time. On the other hand, as a species continues to 'improve' itself, it branches out to create entirely new species that are no longer capable of reproducing together.

Complete the table by matching the phrases below Directions: Tar and benzene are used in the analytical process.

This analytical method has determined when the Pleistocene epoch ended. Initial estimates were made by comparing with similar occurrences in Scandinavia.

Over 70 tests were done on fossil samples. Radiocarbon dating tracked the fossils to 13, years before present. Successful radiocarbon dating of the forest samples proves the end of glaciations in North America. From the options provided, you must select which ones correctly belong to each category.

There will also be 2 options that won't be used. There will either be 5 or 7 correct options depending on the question. This question has a value of 3 or 4 points. Questions with 5 correct options are worth 3 points, and ones with 7 are worth 4 points. It also tests your understandings of cause-effect relationships and compare and contrast relationships.

It is a method to determine the age of an object by using radiocarbon properties. Radiocarbon is created in the atmosphere through the interaction of nitrogen and cosmic rays.

When combined with oxygen, carbon dioxide is produced. CO2 enters plants through photosynthesis; animals and humans incorporate carbon when they eat plants.

After the death of a plant or animal, the rate of carbon begins to decline — this is called the radioactive decay of carbon. When analysts measure the amount of carbon in this decayed object, they can calculate when it died. The furthest date that has been reliably measured back to is around 50, years.

Due to the increase in the burning of fossil fuels and nuclear testing in the 20th century, there was a significant increase in the level of carbon in our atmosphere, so this adds to the complication of carbon calculation. Finding the subject and verb will help you better understand the main idea of said sentence. Keep in mind, a common feature of a TOEFL reading passage is to join strings of ideas to form long compound sentences. This produces large chunks that students have a hard time absorbing.

Do not get overwhelmed by its length, just look for the subject and verb, the rest of the ideas will flow. By following tips and strategies on this article, you will know how to read faster and boost your TOEFL reading score. Alternatively, you can watch the following 3 videos on how to break down long sentences.

The process of quickly skimming through a reading passage for specific keywords or main ideas is a requirement for you to employ successful reading strategies to improve your TOEFL reading score. In other words, skimming is a critical skill to ensure you complete all questions in the allotted time frame.

Implementing successful TOEFL reading strategies Once you can read and comprehend a passage with a rate of, at least, words per minute, you'll be ready to start implementing our strategies. All too often, students spend too much time reading the passages and not enough time answering the questions. Let's do the math on the following scenario: 3 passages 42 questions 60 minutes Let's say it takes you around 10 minutes to read each passage meaning you've spent 30 minutes of your 60 minute allotted time frame reading.

So now you only have 30 minutes to answer 42 questions. Now if you do the math that only leaves you with an average 42 seconds to answer each question. Let's see Yep that math adds up. So the only way to increase the overall average time to answer each question, is to reduce the amount of time you spend reading each passage By doing that you would leave yourself with double the average time per question around 1 minute and 20 seconds.

That's right! We are suggesting you DON'T read the entire passage, at least not at first. Let's have a look at the step by step guide to this strategy.

Read the the first sentence of every paragraph. First, read the first sentence of every paragraph, so you get a basic idea of what the whole reading passage is about.

You don't want to read the whole passage before you start answering the questions. That will be inefficient. Many students make this mistake and find themselves running out of time. The questions first approach Start reading question 1. Remember to only read the question and not the answer choices; Reading the answer choices is a waste of your time and energy.

It will not help you. Once you understand the question, start reading the corresponding passage from the beginning in search of the answer. Once you answer question 1, go onto question 2 repeating the steps you took to answer question 1. Do this for every single question.

Overview of the TOEFL Reading Section

The TOEFL questions proceed in chronological order, so the answer to question 1 is in the beginning of the passage and the answer to question 12 is towards the end. Don't get stuck!

We've discussed this before, but it's so important, we will discuss it again. If you find yourself spending too much time on a question, you must skip it and move on to the next question. Finish all the questions you know, then go back and finish the tougher questions. The absolute worst thing you can do is get stuck for several minutes on a question worth only 1 point.

Want to test this strategy out now? Take a free reading mock test. Specifically, the reading timing strategy and techniques found throughout the reading lessons.

These techniques will help you answer questions faster to give you more time to think and decrease stress levels.

TOEFL Reading Sample PDF

Stress can lead to poor performance, so it's important you go into your test prepared and confident. Step 2: Practice, practice, practice! For step 2, you will practice and apply the techniques you learned using our TOEFL reading practices. You will find all our reading practices in our Question Bank: Click here to go there now. Reserved tests use questions that are not found in the question bank. It will also offer a study schedule based on what you need the most help on.

Step 3: Learning by reviewing Step 3 is the most important step. You will need to spend a lot of time on step 3 in order to improve. There is no secret to success. You must work hard. Follow the list below to complete step 3: Review and redo all questions you got wrong, making sure you understand why you got it wrong. Having trouble understanding why you got a question wrong? To ask a question, simply click the button found on every question in the question bank.

Our instructors will answer your question within 1 - 3 business days. Reread paragraphs until you understand what the passage is about. Write down any words that you do not understand and learn what they mean. Study and pay attention to transition words to help you learn to identify and create relationships between sentences. If you find yourself struggling with a particular academic category, then go through and learn our list of vocabulary for that particular category.

If you can, get some cue cards and study them everyday. Later, come back to the question and you will find you are no longer struggling with it!I am a student from Kayah State, Myanmar. It tests your ability to read and answer questions at an academic level. Step 1: Besides providing you with more specific and immediate feedback, here are a few more benefits of using short passages to practice: Understand why these short reading passages are so helpful 2.

You will get 1 point if you get 2 out of 3 correct.

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